Professor Mearsheimer served as an officer in the U.S. military for five years before pursuing graduate studies and receiving his Ph.D. in political science from Cornell University in 1980. Between 1979 and 1999, he was a research fellow at the Brookings Institution, a post-doctoral fellow at Harvard University and was the Whitney H. Shepardson Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Professor Mearsheimer has written extensively about security issues and international politics more generally. He has published five books: Conventional Deterrence (1983), which won the Edgar S. Furniss, Jr., Book Award; Liddell Hart and the Weight of History (1988); The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (2001), which won the Joseph Lepgold Book Prize and has been translated into eight different languages; The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy (with Stephen M. Walt, 2007), which made the New York Times best seller list and has been translated into twenty-one different languages; and Why Leaders Lie: The Truth about Lying in International Politics (2011), which has been translated into ten different languages. He has also written many articles that have appeared in leading academic journals and popular magazines, as well as a number of op-ed pieces for the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times dealing with topics like Bosnia, nuclear proliferation, American policy towards India, the failure of Arab-Israeli peace efforts, and the invasion of Iraq.