Jarrod Hayes explores why democracies tend not to use military force against each other. He argues that democratic identity – the shared understanding within democracies of who “we” are and what “we” expect from each other – makes it difficult for political leaders to construct external democracies as threats. At the same time, he finds that democratic identity enables political actors to construct external non-democracies as threats. To explore his argument, he looks at U.S. relations with two rising powers: India and China. Through his argument and case studies, Professor Hayes addresses not just the democratic peace but also the larger processes of threat construction in international security, the role of domestic social and political institutions in international relations, and the possibility for conflict between the United States and the world’s two most populous countries.
Jarrod Hayes is an assistant professor of international relations at the Georgia Institute of Technology. In 2003 he received his BA from the University of Colorado at Boulder in astrophysics and political science. He completed his Ph.D. in Politics and International Relations at the University of Southern California in 2009. His research appears in the European Journal of International Relations, Global Environmental Politics, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, and Security Studies. His first book, Constructing National Security, examines U.S. security relations with India and China and is published by Cambridge University Press.