The Middle East is confronted by authoritarianism, exclusive ethno-nationalism and extreme ideologies. Fair-minded normalcy is beyond reach for the foreseeable future and the situation may well worsen. Democratic transformation requires profound behavioral changes by the protagonists, which is likely to be generational. Any positive Western role will necessarily be limited, requiring sober realism based on the art of the possible. The aim of the series is to provide an in depth future oriented examination of major issues affecting the future of the region, with a focus on Canadian and Western policies and interests.